Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Park
Bangladesh is one of the greenest countries on earth. Apart from that it is also famous for wildlife sanctuaries and national park. 85% of people live here in small villages and on cross roads. Bangladesh is situated in the Bay of Bengal sharing borders with India and Myanmar.
Protected area of Bangladesh covers approx. 2% of the country’s total area or 243 677 ha. There are eight National Parks in Bangladesh as well as seven wildlife sanctuaries, five conservation sites and one game reserve.Bangladesh’s National Parks can be illustrated as large areas of natural beauty where the flora and fauna are protected and preserved for the public to enjoy and gain education. Wildlife sanctuaries are restricted areas where wildlife sanctuaries and natural resources are protected for the provision of undisturbed breeding. Game reserves are represented by the government as a place that protects wildlife sanctuaries as well as serves to increase the numbers of various species. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the University of Chittagong (UCHIT), Chittagong, Bangladesh are financed by the Norwegian Cooperation Programme for Development Research and Education (NUFU).
The Sundarbans region of Bangladesh and India has changed extensively. Only half of its original size has been preserved as before, the rest has been cleared and converted for agricultural use over the past 150 years.Six major animal species have been eliminate this century the Javan rhino, wild buffalo, swamp deer, hog deer, gaur and mugger crocodile.There are no villages in the Sundarbans sanctuaries but the whole area provides a livelihood for some 300,000 people, working seasonally as wood-cutters, palm collectors, fisherman, and honey hunters. The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world is formed at the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghan rivers on the Bay of Bengal. Total area of the entire Sundarbans is about one million HA, 60% of which is found in Bangladesh and the rest in India.
Forest department under the ministry of environment and forests, government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is responsible for preservation, conservation, and management of wildlife sanctuaries in the country. National parks, nature reserves and other protected areas of this country’s or territory. Bangladesh is an interesting country lying at the junction of the Indian and Malayan sub-regions of the Indomalayan Realm.Bangladesh was very rich in wildlife sanctuaries. Some 120 species of mammals, 578 species of birds, 128 species of reptiles and 19 species of amphibians. Now situation is serious for most wildlife sanctuaries, especially large mammals, birds of prey, many waterfowl, certain reptiles and some amphibians.
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