Natural Forest Resources Of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is very beautiful. It has very dense forest area. Bangladesh has a low forest cover, but those forests are diverse in nature and of major importance for the national economy and local people’s living. In this conditions of severe forest degradation and depletion like in many other developing countries, the existing national forest policy was announced in 1994 after exactly one hundred years of the first forest resources policy announcement in 1894. The aim of article to seriously analyze the evolution of the national forest policy from the historical perspectives.
The previous versions of forest policy were characterized by commercialization of forest use for maximization of state revenue. The current policy is tremendously departed from its previous versions and recognized the importance of people’s involvement in forest management. Yet the formulated policy, though rich in content, is not properly implemented because of a number of barriers. Future focus is recommended to be on eradicating the problems to implement the existing one rather than formulating new policies.The forest resources of Bangladesh are under extreme pressure from illegal timber cutting and encroachment by agriculture through clear felling and burning, and overgrazing.
The largest areas of forest are in the chittagong hills and the sundarbens. The study seeks to develop a forest policy that balance of economic efficiency and forest management practices based on ecological principles. Ricardian-type supply schedules are developed by ranking alternative site-quality/biological treatment combinations according to unit cost of production and comparing them with an econometrically derived long-term demand schedule. The optimal level of resource development is determined by equating minor cost of production (in end-value terms) with the projected long-term forest products price level. This is equivalent to increasing the sum of consumer and producer surpluses, commonly referred to as net economic benefits.
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